ERIC Number: ED250676
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Nov-21
Reference Count: 0
The NCTE and the Profession.
Squire, James R.
The growing spirit of professionalism of the National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) is reflected in its increasing representation within the elementary, secondary, and college level sections, its involvement of teachers from all states, and its development of a unified professional voice. NCTE began in 1911, when 35 members of the English Round Table of the National Education Association broke off into a separate organization in search of a secondary school emphasis. In the beginning, the council spoke primarily for high school teachers through the "English Journal." College interests existed then, but it was not until 1934 that the first major publication on college English appeared--"College Teaching of English." The elementary section also held meetings from the beginning, although then, as now, it was interested chiefly in the preparation of teachers and only indirectly in teaching. Initially, the council had a spotty history in representing all teachers in all states, as NCTE remained "midwestern" for much of its first 50 years. The organization also made little effort to involve black teachers from black schools until late in the 1920s. Had council leadership been more sensitive during the 1940s and 1950s to the growing dissatisfaction of reading specialists, the International Reading Association might not have formed as a separate organization. In its efforts to speak for a unified profession, NCTE has established criteria for acceptable teaching conditions, combated censorship, called attention to the latest and best English education research available, and established and maintained high standards for the preparation and certification of teachers at all three levels. (HTH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: International Reading Association; National Council of Teachers of English
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council of Teachers of English (72nd, Washington, DC, November 19-24, 1982). For related documents, see CS 207 881-884.