ERIC Number: ED250645
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug-25
Reference Count: 0
Identifying the Links between Chronic Illness and Depression: Cognitive-Behavioral Mediators.
Turk, Dennis C.; And Others
All chronic illnesses represent assaults on multiple areas of functioning, not just the body. To examine the association between painful chronic illnesses and depression from a cognitive-behavioral perspective, 100 patients of the Pain Management Program at the West Haven, Connecticut Veterans Administration Hospital (78% males) completed a battery of tests. The tests assessed depression, pain severity, life interference attributed to pain, perceived self-control, and social support. An analysis of the results showed that pain was a significant predictor of perceived interference, support, and self-control. In turn, perceived self-control and interference were significant predictors of depression. Pain was not a significant direct predictor of depression. The coefficient of determination indicated that 68% of the variance in depression was accounted for by the cognitive-behavioral model. The results suggest that all of the structural relations predicted by the cognitive-behavioral model of pain and depression were confirmed, with the exception of the relationship between support and self-control, which was found to be nonsignificant. (BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Chronic Pain
Note: Paper presented as part of a symposium "Investigations of Variables Buffering Life Stress: Current Trends" at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (92nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 24-28, 1984). Support for this research was provided by a Veterans Administration Merit Review Grant.