ERIC Number: ED250622
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Interactionism in Personality in the Twentieth Century. Research Report #146.
Endler, Norman S.; Edwards, Jean M.
This paper examines the historical development of the interaction model of personality in the 20th century. The philosophical roots of interactionism can be traced to the writings of Aristotle and Descartes. One of the earliest interactionist positions in psychology can be found in the works of Kantor (1924, 1926). Although theoretical interest in interactionism continued with Lewin (1935), Murray (1938) and Rotter (1954), early empirical research examining interactionism developed independently. The social, political, historical, and methodological factors that have influenced the research and theorizing on interactionism in personality are examined. Finally, the development of the interaction model of personality is traced to the evolution of major personality issues, including (1) the consistency-specifying controversy; (2) reformulation of definitions of consistency; (3) the distinction between mechanistic and dynamic interaction; and (4) the analysis of situations. (Author)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: York Univ., Downview (Ontario). Dept. of Psychology.
Identifiers: Consistency Theory; Situational Variables; Twentieth Century
Note: Paper presented at a session on "Personality Theory through the Ages" at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (92nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 24-28, 1984).