ERIC Number: ED250606
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Work Stress Inventory, Scale 2: Job Risk.
Barone, David F.; And Others
Although the effects of occupational or work stress have received considerable attention in recent years, few studies have attempted to systematically measure the construct. Prior to this study, Scale 1 of the Work Stress Inventory was developed to measure three indices: (1) appraised stress; (2) frequency of stressful situations; and (3) composite overall stress, as they relate to organizational stress and communication. Scale 1 was found to reflect organizational exclusion or alienation. To investigate job task situations associated with stress, 227 working adults (84 males, 143 females), from 34 occupations, completed Scale 2 of the Work Stress Inventory. The 58-item Scale 2 was designed to measure individual stress perceptions in relation to threats to safety and job security, and adverse environmental and mental working conditions. Based on item-total correlations the Scale was reduced to 20 items. The reduced Scale 2 and Scale 1 were then administered to 385 working adults (150 males, 235 females). Scores for the three indices (stress appraisal, frequency, and composite stress) were calculated. An analysis of the results supported the validity of the inventory as an overall measure of work stress and of the Scales as different facets of the construct. Two facets to the construct of work stress were identified: organizational alienation and job risk. These findings suggest that the Work Stress Inventory may be a useful instrument in assessing occupational stress. (BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Work Stress Inventory
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (30th, New Orleans, LA, March 23-31, 1984).