ERIC Number: ED249695
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Unitization and Role Behavior on Hearing and Hearing Impaired Observer's Certainty of Their Attributions.
Anthony, Susan; Paszel, John
To compare hearing and hearing impaired subjects on the certainty of their attributions in relation to unitization and role behavior, 48 hearing impaired and 48 non hearing impaired college students were randomly assigned to one of four conditions: unitization level (fine or gross) and role (in-role or out-of-role). All subjects were given instructions on the process of unitization, with half the subjects being instructed in how to divide a behavioral sequence into fine units and the other half being given gross unit instructions. In addition, half of the subjects were told that they would be reading about a person waiting for a job interview, while the other subjects were told that the paragraph they would read involved an Olympic hopeful waiting to talk to a coach. SS were then asked to read a paragraph, divide it into units (either gross or fine), and rate the individual on such characteristics as sociability, good naturedness, humor, athletic ability, warmth, and popularity. Based on the introduction received--to a job interviewee or an athlete waiting to see a coach--the behavior contained in the paragraph was either in-role or out-of-role. Results revealed that hearing impaired Ss showed differences in the certainty of their attributions under fine unit versus gross unit conditions: they were more sure of their attributions when forced to use fine units. Hearing Ss, however, were more certain about their attributions under different role conditions. Results from the hearing impaired population supported the hypothesis that out-of-role behavior may cue Ss to employ finer units of perception, while results from the hearing Ss supported the hypothesis that highly certain attributions are the result of behavior which deviates from norms. (CL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological (54th, Philadelphia, PA, April 6-9, 1983).