ERIC Number: ED249591
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Effective Staff Development.
Bush, Robert N.
Beginning with the observation that educators are faced with rising public expectations, declining resources, and increased public criticism, this paper describes a six-fold model for determining how staff development is operating and how it can be made to operate more effectively, in a self-renewing manner. The six dimensions consist of the following: (1) orientations (services embedded within the school, services to schools focused on curriculum and instruction, services to schools for organizational development, services to individuals for inservice development, or services to individuals for role preparation); (2) school environments (energized, maintenance-oriented, or depressed); (3) initiatives (school-based, agency creating, special populations, curriculum improvement); (4) leadership (the principal as manager, harmonizer, or motivator); (5) growth states of teachers ("omnivores," active consumers, passive consumers, retrenched, or withdrawn); and (6) training (levels of training, objectives). Five levels of training (presentation of theoretical base, modeling, practice in controlled situations, feedback, and coaching) and three objectives (conceptual control, skill, and use or transfer) are identified. Two tables are included: one provides strategies for strengthening the educational leadership of principals and the other lists 10 practical questions for self-assessment of schools. (TE)
Descriptors: Administrator Role, Educational Assessment, Educational Improvement, Elementary Secondary Education, Inservice Teacher Education, Leadership Responsibility, Organizational Development, Organizational Effectiveness, Professional Development, School Effectiveness, Staff Development, Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Improvement, Teacher Supervision, Teaching Skills
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: California Staff Development Study
Note: In: "Making Our Schools More Effective: Proceedings of Three State Conferences." See EA 017 101.