ERIC Number: ED249438
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Person Memory in Good Intuitive Judges of Personality.
Oresick, Robert J.; And Others
Recent work in person memory combines cognitive models of memory with theories of social cognition. To examine the accuracy of person perception, 66 college students (24 males, 42 females) were administered a programmed case using 21 episodes. After 15 minutes of filler tasks, subjects were allowed free recall for 30 minutes, followed by impression formation and attribution tasks. Data on memory organization were categorized by interepisodic, temporal episodic, semantic episodic, and local and distant semantic organizations. Subjects were ordered by accuracy scores and divided into good, average, and poor groups. An analysis of the results showed that good, average, and poor judges did not differ in the total number of correct ideas recalled from the life history, nor in the number of ideas recalled per episode. However, good judges showed significantly more distant semantic organization than average or poor judges. All groups retrieved about one third of those episodes missed by the temporal search. All groups used a predominantly temporal search strategy. These findings suggest that models of person perception and memory may have to be expanded to explain why distant association of episodes is related to accuracy in prediction. (BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Person Perception
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (91st, Anaheim, CA, August 26-30, 1983).