ERIC Number: ED249429
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Personality and Situation in the Prediction of Women's Career-Related Self-Efficacy Expectations and Life Satisfaction.
Bennett, Susan M.
Recent research on women's lives has emphasized the complex interactions between situational constraints in the family and the workplace. To examine the relationship of situational variables and personality characteristics to career-related self-efficacy expectations and life satisfaction in women, 94 college women completed a questionnaire eliciting demographic and life satisfaction information, and career-related self-efficacy expectations. Three personality measures used in addition were the Performance Self-Esteem Scale, the Bem Sex Role Inventory and the Gambrill-Richey Assertion Inventory. Data were categorized by three age groups: young adult (18-24 years); adult (25-34 years); and mature adult (35 years and older). An analysis of the results showed that the young adult women were most confident about achieving career goals and most satisfied with their lives, while mature women were least confident and satisfied. However, mature women rated their present happiness and their expected happiness from age 45 on more positively than either of the younger categories. Adult women were highest in performance self-esteem. The incidence of traditional femininity increased with age. The estimates of career-related self-efficacy and life satisfaction were highest for young adult women. Adult women were least happy with their rate of career advancement and tended to be anxious and assertive. Androgynous women were more confident of successfully completing training and launching a new career than either feminine or undifferentiated women. (BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Self Efficacy; Situational Variables
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (90th, Washington, DC, August 23-27, 1982).