ERIC Number: ED249412
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-May
Reference Count: 0
Effects on Learning of Relaxation Training with Mentally Retarded Adults.
Miranti, S. V.; Freedman, P. E.
Research has documented that individuals with mental retardation can learn and benefit from relaxation training. To investigate the effects of anxiety reduction through relaxation training on the performance of a complex learning task, 15 mentally retarded adult males were studied. Following performance on an anxiety measure, subjects were assigned to either the experimental, relaxation training (RT) group or the control, assertiveness training (AT) group. Experimental group subjects participated in progressive muscle relaxation exercises, while control subjects participated in an operant-based assertiveness training program. Following the training, subjects attempted to solve button maze tasks. Data were collected on self-reported and experimenter-rated anxiety. A posttest session, without intervention, was conducted after 1 week. An analysis of the results showed that on the posttest learning task, RT group performance was superior to AT group performance. Self-assessment and experimenter ratings of anxiety for both groups were initially equivalent but diverged quickly in subsequent sessions, with the RT group demonstrating less anxiety and better anxiety control than the AT group. These findings suggest that retarded individuals can learn muscle relaxation and can benefit from its results. (BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (56th, Chicago, IL, May 3-5, 1984).