ERIC Number: ED249343
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Jun-5
Reference Count: 0
What's Happening to CBOs under JTPA and Where Do We Go from Here? Highlights of the NYEC Survey.
Bailis, Lawrence Neil
This paper summarizes the results of a National Youth Employment Coalition (NYEC) survey of community-based organizations (CBOs) about the effects of the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA). Findings are summarized in these areas: (1) changes in funding for training disadvantaged youth, (2) changes in service to youth, (3) the role of CBOs in the JTPA delivery system, and (4) problems facing CBOs. In the first area, the survey found that the average funding for CBOs decreased by 58 percent and the average funding for CBO efforts to provide employment and training for disadvantaged youth decreased by 35 percent under JTPA. In the second area, 40 percent of CBOs served fewer out-of-school youth, 31 percent served fewer Black youth, and 35 percent served fewer Hispanic youth than they had served under the old Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) funding. The role of CBOs in the JTPA delivery system has decreased. One-third fewer CBOs are serving on Private Industry Councils than served on the former Prime Sponsor Advisory Councils, and many CBOs did not apply for JTPA funding since they thought they could not qualify. Finally, the biggest problems facing CBOs today include limitations on administrative funds, elimination of stipends, meeting performance standards while serving large numbers of disadvantaged youth, cash flow, obtaining or operating performance-based contracts, and difficulty in getting information about plans and requirements. However, some CBOs have survived and prospered, and they should serve as models for the changes needed by others. At the same time, CBOs should work together for needed changes in the JTPA and its regulations. (KC)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Agency Role, Community Action, Community Cooperation, Community Organizations, Community Programs, Disadvantaged Youth, Employment Problems, Employment Programs, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, Government Role, Job Training, Program Attitudes, Program Effectiveness, Public Agencies, Young Adults, Youth Employment
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Job Training Partnership Act 1982
Note: For related documents, see CE 039 024-025. Paper presented at the National Youth Employment Coalition Symposium on "Training Disadvantaged Youth--The Future Role of Community-Based Organizations" (New York, NY, June 5, 1984).