ERIC Number: ED249311
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984
Reference Count: 0
Referral of Minority Children to Special Education in Holland.
Wijnstra, Johan M.
In Holland, it recently has been recognized that minority students are underrepresented in schools for learning disabled (LD) and are overrepresented in schools for the educable mentally retarded (EMR). In 1983, a study was begun in Rotterdam to determine why some students of Surinamese, Turkish, and Moroccan origin were placed in schools for the EMR, while others with comparable achievement levels were not. This paper addresses the question of whether EMR and low achieving regular education (RE) students from these ethnic groups show any differences on six subtests of an intelligence test and five subtests of a language proficiency test. First, the educational context in Rotterdam is described briefly. Following this is an outline of the study methodology, which consisted of stepwise reading and mathematics screening in ERM and regular elementary schools. The study sample was drawn from students assessed in this manner, and students in the sample were given individually the short form of a newly revised Dutch intelligence test and five subtests from an oral language proficiency test. The raw scores on these tests, it is explained, were used as independent variables in stepwise linear discriminant analyses for each group, the dependent variable being school type. Results are said to indicate that when control variables (sex, age, length of residence in Holland, reading level and mathematics level) are kept constant in each group, the EMR and RE students differ only slightly and there is considerable overlap. (GC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Centraal Inst. voor Toetsonwikkeling, Arnhem (Netherlands).
Note: Paper prepared for the World Congress of Applied Linguistics (7th, Brussels, Belgium, August 5-10, 1984).