ERIC Number: ED249309
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-May
Reference Count: 0
Integration of Immigrant/Migrant Women into the Canadian Labor Market.
Canada Employment and Immigration Commission, Ottawa (Ontario).
This paper describes the participation of immigrant women in the Canadian labor market, and focuses on the position of the women who arrived between 1961 and 1971. An introduction defines the two population groups studied; "immigrants," who are persons entering Canada as permanant residents; and "temporary workers," who do not intend to permanently reside in Canada. Statistics are drawn from several sources, including Canada Employment and Immigration Commission data, the Census of Canada for years 1971 and 1976, and the monthly Labor Force Survey. Section A addresses the situation of temporary workers, who are mostly in domestic service, and describes efforts of both the federal and provincial governments to authorize and monitor their employment. Unemployment, occupational distribution, earnings, and education of permanent immigrant women are reviewed in section B. Problems related to labor market integration are discussed in section C; these problems include sex discrimination and the frequent needs for language and job training. In section D, responsibilities of government and of the private sector are contrasted, and services designed to assist in the immigration, adjustment, employment, language training, and citizenship are described. Section E summarizes issues related to labor. Immigrant women's employment, it is noted, has been concentrated at the lower end of the occupational spectrum, lower than that of all working women in Canada. The most pressing concerns are argued to be the promotion of awareness and acceptance of the necessity of bringing women into the economic mainstream, and the commitment of government to assist in this process. Finally, some government measures that have already been taken are enumerated. (Author/KH)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Canada Employment and Immigration Commission, Ottawa (Ontario).
Note: National Report of Canada to the Working Party on Migration and the Working Party on the Role of Women in the Economy, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development.