ERIC Number: ED249305
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-May
Reference Count: 0
Affirmative Action in the United States.
Taylor, William L.
This paper presents a broad overview of affirmative action in the United States, in regard to the provision of equality for Blacks, Hispanics, and women. Section I presents a brief history, while section II summarizes current policies that require or encourage the conscious use of race and sex as a remedial device in allocating jobs or educational opportunities. Several areas are discussed: (1) the prohibition of "unintentional" discrimination in employment, focusing on the Supreme Court's ruling in Griggs v. Duke Power Company and the ruling's impact on selection criteria and methods; (2) obligations of government-aided institutions, including government contractors and educational institutions, as well as the Federal government itself; (3) numerically based remedies provided by Federal courts; and (4) the legal encouragement of voluntary affirmative action (especially court rulings on reverse discrimination and the permissible scope of affirmative action by private institutions). Section III assesses the impact of affirmative action, citing data showing, despite small gains, that unemployment remains a great problem for Blacks, that women's salaries are barely more than half of what men earn, and other signs of inequity. Nonetheless, it is argued, the past two decades have produced more progress than any other historical period. Finally, section IV presents the views of proponents and opponents of affirmative action. (KH)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: For conference proceedings, see UD 023 748.