ERIC Number: ED249229
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Test, the Tested, and the Test-Taking: A Model to Better Understand Test Performance.
Johnson, Sylvia T.
A model is presented in which a test score is influenced by three factors: (1) the test itself, including the nature of the item tryout samples, the nature of the standardization group, the item scaling model and methods, the manner of item subset generation, logical strategies in test building, the format of questions, the test appearance, item content and features, and the choice of criterion; (2) characteristics of those taking the test, including race and racism, sex and sexism, motivation, socioeconomic status, school experiences, home experiences, ways of thinking, and interests and preferences; and (3) the setting and administrative procedures used in the testing, including personal characteristics of the tester, expectancies and beliefs of the tester, the physical surroundings, the mode of test preparation, and the timing or pacing of presentation. These factors affecting the test score may interact in complex ways. Part of the influence on test score is intentional and valid, and attempts are made to control other aspects. Many aspects, however, cannot be controlled. Yet, all need to be recognized as potential components of the score obtained. (BW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (68th, New Orleans, LA, April 23-27, 1984).