ERIC Number: ED248894
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: 0
Napoleon: His Interest in Books and the Libraries of France.
Montgomery, Dorothy R.
Napoleon Bonaparte had both a personal and national interest in books, and he exerted a tremendous influence on the country's libraries during his 16 years as leader of France. In addition to collecting books for his personal libraries (including a traveling library that he took with him on his campaigns), he instituted an accelerated program for the acquisition of books, manuscripts, and other materials for the French National Library, which had been created by confiscating and renaming the royal library in 1792. He also issued a decree that at least one copy of every book published in France be deposited in the national library, and appointed a national commission to aid in acquisition efforts. Books and manuscripts were obtained from centralized storage points established during the revolution to house confiscated holdings of monasteries, churches, and nobles, as well as the Vatican Library, the Escorial Library, the Royal Library in Brussels, and others. (Many of these materials were returned to their original owners under the terms of the Congress of Vienna in 1815.) He also established a library of approximately 1,500 volumes in each secondary school, and a special censorship bureau to suppress books not in agreement with governmental policies. (THC)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Masters Theses; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Bonaparte (Napoleon); France
Note: MSLS Thesis, University of Illinois.