ERIC Number: ED248886
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Jan
Reference Count: 0
The Use and Effectiveness of Computers in the Elementary Classroom.
Practical issues that should be considered in placing a classroom computer for use with elementary students include where to locate computer equipment in relation to electrical sockets, windows, and chalkboards; the program sound; who will be able to see the screen; and classroom traffic patterns. Decisions must be made regarding the size of groups that will work at the computer, who will use the computer, and the use schedule. Computers can be integrated into the curriculum as reinforcement with drill and practice programs; as a tutor; for enrichment using simulations; and for word processing. Examples of elementary programs include Stickybear ABC, the Story Machine, Keyboard, and Master Type. In nearly all of six cited research studies on computer assisted instruction (CAI) in language arts teaching, CAI was found to be more effective than traditional methods for teaching reading, vocabulary, and language; findings for the effectiveness of CAI in writing instruction were mixed. This report includes a list of 10 criteria for evaluating computerized reading programs, a summary of important questions to consider in using computers, and a 7-item reference list. (LMM)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Computer Uses in Education; Software Evaluation
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Study Conference of the Georgia Association for Childhood Education International (13th, Athens, GA, January 20-21, 1983).