ERIC Number: ED248707
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Iran: Country Status Report.
A survey of the status of language usage in Iran begins with an overview of the usage pattern of Persian, the official language spoken by just over half the population, and the competing languages of six ethnic and linguistic minorities: Azerbaijani, Kurdish, Arabic, Gilaki, Luri-Bakhtiari, and Mazandarani. The development of language policy through recent diverse governments is also chronicled. A matrix follows that rates these seven languages on: (1) their usage rating using State Department classifications; (2) increase and decrease trends by the year 2000; (3) chief of state use in addressing the populace; (4) use in armed forces, government, court, and diplomatic communications, written and oral; (5) use as a language of instruction or required language in higher education, on the secondary and elementary levels, and in adult education; (6) use in the popular press, radio and television broadcasting, and film; (7) business and professional use, written and oral; (8) use in intellectual circles; (9) the alphabet situation; (10) the status of indigenous literature; (11) use in public signs and notices; and (12) the availability of instructional materials and dictionaries in the native languages for use in English as a second language. Explanatory notes give the number and population percentages using the languages, the type of alphabet used, and specific instructional material titles. A selected bibliography is also included. (MSE)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Arabic, Armed Forces, Azerbaijani, Bilingualism, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Industry, Kurdish, Language Maintenance, Language of Instruction, Language Role, Language Standardization, Language Usage, Mass Media, Monolingualism, Multilingualism, Official Languages, Persian, Public Policy
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Center for Applied Linguistics, Washington, DC. Language/Area Reference Center.
Identifiers: Gilaki; Iran; Luri Bakhtiari; Mazandarani