ERIC Number: ED248703
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Senegal: Country Status Report.
Bruhn, Thea C.
A survey of the status of language usage in Senegal begins with an overview of the patterns of usage of French, the official language, and the six vernaculars spoken by 90% of the population and designated as national languages: Wolof, Pulaar, Serer, Diola, Malinke, and Soninke. Recent strong interest in promoting national languages and literacy is discussed. Wolof has become the normal trading language and its speakers number as high as 80% or more of the population. A matrix follows that rates these seven languages on: (1) their usage rating using State Department classifications; (2) increase and decrease trends by the year 2000; (3) chief of state use in addressing the populace; (4) use in armed forces, government, court, and diplomatic communications, written and oral; (5) use as a language of instruction or required language in higher education, on the secondary and elementary levels, and in adult education; (6) use in the popular press, radio and television broadcasting, and film; (7) business and professional use, written and oral; (8) use in intellectual circles; (9) the alphabet situation; (10) the status of indigenous literature; (11) use in public signs and notices; and (12) the availability of instructional materials and dictionaries in the native languages for use in English as a second language. Explanatory notes give the number and population percentages using the languages, the type of alphabet used, and specific instructional materials titles. A selected bibliography is also included. (MSE)
Descriptors: Adult Education, African Languages, Armed Forces, Bilingualism, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, French, Higher Education, Industry, Language Maintenance, Language of Instruction, Language Planning, Language Role, Language Standardization, Language Usage, Literacy Education, Mass Media, Monolingualism, Multilingualism, Official Languages, Public Policy, Wolof
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Center for Applied Linguistics, Washington, DC. Language/Area Reference Center.
Identifiers: Diola; Malinke; Pulaar; Senegal; Serer; Soninke