ERIC Number: ED248696
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Malawi: Country Status Report.
A survey of the status of language usage in Malawi begins with an overview of the distribution and usage of English (the official language) and the native Bantu languages: Chichewa or Nyanja (Chinyanja), the language used by half the population; and three other Bantu languages also used there--Lomwe, Yao, and Tumbuka. The social situation favoring Chichewa/Nyanja's development, the prestige of English and its use for all official purposes, and the instability of language policy are described. A matrix follows that rates these five languages on: (1) their usage rating using State Department classifications; (2) increase and decrease trends by the year 2000; (3) chief of state use in addressing the populace; (4) use in armed forces, government, court, and diplomatic communications, written and oral; (5) use as a language of instruction or required language in higher education, on the secondary and elementary levels, and in adult education; (6) use in the popular press, radio and television broadcasting, and film; (7) business and professional use, written and oral; (8) use in intellectual circles; (9) the alphabet situation; (10) the status of indigenous literature; (11) use in public signs and notices; and (12) the availability of instructional materials and dictionaries in the native languages for use in English as a second language. Explanatory notes give the number and population percentages using the languages, the type of alphabet used, and specific instructional materials titles. A selected bibliography is also included. (MSE)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Armed Forces, Bantu Languages, Bilingualism, Chinyanja, Elementary Secondary Education, English, Ethnic Groups, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Industry, Language Maintenance, Language of Instruction, Language Role, Language Standardization, Language Usage, Mass Media, Monolingualism, Multilingualism, Official Languages, Policy Formation, Politics, Public Policy
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Center for Applied Linguistics, Washington, DC. Language/Area Reference Center.
Identifiers: Chichewa; Lomwe; Malawi; Tumbuka; Yao