ERIC Number: ED248652
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Problem Solving and Decision Making: A Review of the Literature.
Part of a collection of papers commissioned by Foundations, a project designed to identify the career development needs of students entering the National Technical Institute for the Deaf, this paper examines research on problem solving and decision making. The section on problem solving reviews various models and concepts associated with problem solving and considers the implications for training that follow from the past experience and the perception perspectives. The section on decision making describes normative, descriptive, dynamic, and conflict models. Three different defensive coping patterns are described (indifference, hypervigilance, and defensive avoidance), each linked to a set of antecedent conditions and a set of behavioral consequences. Suggestions for interventions that can provide assistance and support to students as they make decisions related to vocational choices are presented; they center on changing the perceptions and beliefs internal to the decisionmaker and/or modifying the external environment. Eleven general guidelines are offered, including examination of the ways in which individual differences relate to vocational decision making. (CL)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Areson, Ann H., Ed. and DeCaro, James J., Ed. Teaching, Learning and Development: Volume I. See EC 170 424.