ERIC Number: ED248536
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Part-Time Factor: A Critical Variable in Composition Instruction.
Danielson, Susan; Braunger, Jane
Initially, a study was designed to discover the effect of institution of employment--that is, community college or university--on teacher attitudes toward composition; however, employment status--part-time or full-time--more clearly accounted for attitude differences at both types of institutions. The study methodology involved a two-part questionnaire being mailed to 122 composition teachers at three Oregon universities and two Oregon community colleges. The first section of the questionnaire, the attitude identification component, consisted of scales for measuring teacher attitude toward instruction in written composition, while the second section contained questions on training, experience, and demographics. Additionally, follow-up personal interviews were conducted with six respondents. Results of a factor analysis pointed to a weakness in the scale items themselves--their tendency to limit attitude response to student-centered or content-centered priorities. However, the profile of the "average" part-time composition teacher emerged as female, under 40 years of age, having no Ph.D., having less than seven years teaching experience at the post-secondary level, and with graduate training in literature (not composition). If she had a teaching assistantship, it was very influential. It is concluded that prescriptive, content-centered orientation was evident among the part-time instructors and that further research should focus on the training of graduate teaching assistants and employment status. (HOD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Conference on College Composition and Communication (35th, New York City, NY, March 29-31, 1984).