ERIC Number: ED248514
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
China's Propaganda in the United States during World War II.
Drawing data from a variety of sources, a study was undertaken to place China's propaganda activities in the United States during World War II into a historical perspective. Results showed that China's propaganda efforts consisted of official and unofficial activities and activities directed toward overseas Chinese. The official activities were carried out by the Chinese News Service and its branch offices in various American cities under the direction of the Ministry of Information's International Department in Chungking. The unofficial activities were carried out by both Chinese and Americans, including missionaries, business people, and newspaper reporters, and the activities directed toward the overseas Chinese in the United States were undertaken for the purpose of collecting money and arousing patriotism. The propaganda program fell into four phases, the first beginning with the outbreak of the Sino-Japanese War in 1937 and directed at exposing Japanese atrocities. The second phase began with the withdrawal of the Chinese central government to inner China in late 1937, continued until the beginning of the European war in 1939, and concentrated on economic and political interests. The third phase ran from late 1939 to the bombing of Pearl Harbor and was directed at the American government in an effort to promote more moral, economic, and military aid for China, while the last period began when the war became global and continued until the end. The effectiveness of the propaganda program cannot be accurately measured. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: China; World War II
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (67th, Gainesville, FL, August 5-8, 1984).