ERIC Number: ED248509
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Mar-29
Reference Count: 0
The Aims Approach: More Effective Writing for the Real World.
Knodt, Ellen Andrews
Composition instruction based on aims of discourse rather than on modes can help students understand the purpose and function behind their writing. Such an approach, developed by Caroline Eckhardt and David Stewart, offers four categories that cover most purposes for writing in academic or career settings: (1) to clarify what the subject is, (2) to substantiate a thesis about a subject, (3) to evaluate a subject, and (4) to recommend that something be done about a subject. There are several advantages to this approach. First, it is easier for students to understand and apply. Second, since the focus of the categories is on the aim or purpose of communicating with someone, the students get a clearer sense of what audience means and what a real writing situation demands. Third, each category builds on the one before it, providing further practice in each writing skill. Finally, the approach makes it easier for the composition instructor to bring in assignments that explicitly use materials from other disciplines, thus giving the students a wider variety of situations in which to practice their skills. Students who have been taught the aims approach seem more aware of the writing process. Because they have so many strategies open to them to develop their essays (instead of one prescribed mode), they are more attuned to their need to adjust writing to the purpose of their communication and to the needs of the audience who will read it. (HOD)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Audience Awareness; Discourse Aims
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Conference on College Composition and Communication (35th, New York, NY, March 29-31, 1984).