ERIC Number: ED248448
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Data on College Men's Gender Role Conflict and Strain.
O'Neil, James M.; And Others
Gender role conflict exists when gender roles have negative impact or consequences on the self or others. To examine the degree to which college males reflect gender role conflict and strain and to determine whether men who describe themselves as instrumental (masculine), expressive (feminine), both instrumental and expressive (androgynous), or neither (undifferentiated) report differential degrees of gender role conflict, 527 college men completed two Fear of Femininity Scales (FOFS-I and FOFS-II), and the Personal Attributes Questionnaire (PAQ). An analysis of the results showed that subjects reflected gender role conflict across the four FOFS-I factors. For success, power and competition, instrumental men reported more agreement than feminine, androgynous, or undifferentiated men. For restrictive emotionality, androgynous men had lower scores than masculine, feminine, or undifferentiated men. For homophobia, masculine men and undifferentiated men had higher scores than androgynous or feminine types. For work and family conflicts, no significant differences were found. For FOFS-II: masculine men had higher scores than feminine men on the factor of homophobia; and undifferentiated men had the highest scores on lack of emotional response. These findings suggest that relatively high percentages of men experience role conflict, and that they experience that conflict differentially, contingent on their self-reported attributes. (BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Kansas Univ., Lawrence. General Research Fund.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (92nd, Toronto, Canada, August 24-28, 1984).