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ERIC Number: ED248265
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Question or Statement Headings in Text on the Recall of Low-Ability Pupils.
Hartley, James; And Others
Three studies are described which compared the effects of headings in text in the form of questions with headings in the form of statements on the immediate factual recall of low-ability pupils in England. The first experiment used approximately 190 pupils, ages 11-12; the second used approximately 110 low-ability pupils, ages 14-15; and the third used approximately 140 low-ability pupils, ages 14-15. Each pupil read a 1,000 word passage, with either statement headings or question headings, and completed a factual recall test. The reading passage for the first two experiments had a Flesh Reading Ease (RE) Score of 84 ("fairly easy"). The third experiment's passage had a Flesh RE Score of 55 ("fairly difficult"). In contrast with earlier studies with smaller numbers of participants, no significant differences were found in favor of question headings. (BS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Army Research Inst. for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, London (England). European Research Office.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: England; Flesch Reading Ease Score; Headings; Questions
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (68th, New Orleans, LA, April 23-27, 1984).