ERIC Number: ED248185
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: N/A
History in Black and White: An Analysis of South African School History Textbooks.
Dean, Elizabeth; And Others
Designed to examine the way that different ethnic groups are presented in South African secondary school history textbooks, this study gives special attention to the extent and nature of ethnic stereotyping in texts and the endorsement of particular social and political attitudes relevant to contemporary South Africa. By using a sociological perspective rather than an historical or educational one, this study focuses less on the historical accuracy or pedagogic merit of textbooks than on the kind of 'world views' being offered and their implications for society as a whole. The first of eight chapters gives an introduction and background to the study. Chapter 2 presents a profile of education in South Africa, while chapters 3 and 4 examine aims and methods of textbook analysis and the distribution of subject matter. Chapters 5 through 7 look at the treatment of topics in detail, i.e., blacks and whites in the early 19th century, South African contemporary history, and social and political change in Africa. Chapter 8, "Conclusions," indicates that some or all of the following were found in the examined textbooks: pervasive ethnocentricism, glorification of nationalism, presentation of the past as a model for the present, presentation of the historically contingent as natural and inevitable, perpetuation of myths, discrediting of counterideologies, assumption of black incompetence, and racism and stereotyping. Appendices include over 20 supporting data tables. (LH)
Descriptors: African History, Blacks, Ethnic Stereotypes, History Instruction, Political Attitudes, Secondary Education, Social Attitudes, Textbook Bias, Textbook Content, Textbook Research, Whites
UNIPUB, 205 East 42nd St., New York, NY ($15.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).
Identifiers: Apartheid; South Africa