ERIC Number: ED248079
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Cultural Component of Rurality: Determinants and Structural Stability over Time.
Luloff, A. E.; And Others
Sixteen questions dealing with racial equality, abortion, and civil liberties were extracted from the National Opinion Research Center's General Social Surveys of 1972 (N=986) and 1980 (N=1,128) to seek a possible cultural component of rurality and note any changing contours to such a phenomenon over time and across social strata. Rural sociology's ongoing search for a nominal and operational definition has generally accepted three broad components of "rural": ecological, occupational, and cultural, with "rural culture" perceived as being relatively reluctant to shed established mores. Sixteen questions clearly could not cover what might be considered the domain of "rural culture," but did focus on social issues representative of a turbulent historical period of change. Findings suggested that attitude structures changed little over the decade, while levels of conservatism showed a statistically significant increase. The overall explanatory structure (both slopes and intercepts) changed although levels of education and levels of church attendance had consistent (but inverse) impacts on degree of conservatism. Size of place of current residence was conspicuously absent as an important predictor. Since size of place is the most often used proxy for rural versus urban milieu, caution was urged in interpreting much of the literature on rural-urban differences. (BRR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers; Community
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Conservatism; General Social Survey
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Rural Sociological Society (47th, College Station, TX, August 22-25, 1984). A revision of a paper presented at the M.E. John Lecture Series Symposium (University Park, PA, August, 1983). Work on the project was supported by Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Project 1117 and New Hampshire Agricultural Experiment Project H266.