ERIC Number: ED248033
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: 0
A Developmental Perspective on Intelligence.
Grubb, Henry J.
One important source of biological determinants to intellectual behavior is the immediate family of origin. When family history is taken into consideration, it is necessary to examine the environmental aspects of intellectual development in conjunction with the biological. Herein lies the usefulness of a transactional model of development over main-effect and interactional models. A transactional view sees the two processes as a compound -- each substance entering a relationship with the other such that both are transformed into a new entity. In the family, transactions arise that are centered around the interface of the biological and environmental spheres and give rise to a dynamic interplay of interpersonal relationships which foster the propagation of a vicious cycle, maintaining the original biological and environmental variables intergenerationally. Some factors that affect human intelligence can presently be listed: sex, socioeconomic status, region of residence, the urban-rural dichotomy, malnourishment, infection, disease, and certain handicaps; it is held that all such variables ultimately will be determined to be environmental. Listing environmental influences does not, however, lead to an understanding of how intelligence develops. A transactional model of intellectual development can be formed by combining Piagetian, learning, and information-processing theories. The transactional model would include developmental stage concepts, mechanisms of information acquisition, processes by which stages are accomplished, and meta-learning processes, the last of these being particularly important for understanding intelligence. (RH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Human Information Processing