ERIC Number: ED247777
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Sep
Reference Count: 0
South Africa: Country Status Report.
A survey of the status of language usage in South Africa begins with an overview of the distribution among the population of the official languages, Afrikaans and English, and the principle languages of the Black majority: Zulu, Xhosa, Tswana, Nothern Sotho (Pedi), Southern Sotho, Tsonga, Swazi, and Venda. The influence of apartheid policy on language use and the development of bilingualism are outlined. A matrix follows that rates each of the languages on: (1) their usage rating using State Department classifications; (2) increase and decrease trends by the year 2000; (3) chief of state use in addressing the populace; (4) use in armed forces, government, court, and diplomatic communications, written and oral; (5) use as a language of instruction or required language in higher education, on the secondary and elementary levels, and in adult education; (6) use in the popular press, radio and television broadcasting, and film; (7) business and professional use, written and oral; (8) use in intellectual circles; (9) the alphabet situation; (10) their status in literature; (11) use in public signs and notices; and (12) the availability of instructional materials and dictionaries for use by English speakers. Explanatory notes give the number and population percentages using the languages, the type of alphabets used, and specific instructional material titles. A selected bibliography is also included. (MSE)
Descriptors: Adult Education, African Languages, Afrikaans, Armed Forces, Bantu Languages, Bilingualism, Elementary Secondary Education, English, Ethnic Groups, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Industry, Language Maintenance, Language of Instruction, Language Planning, Language Standardization, Language Usage, Mass Media, Monolingualism, Official Languages, Political Influences, Public Policy, Racial Segregation, Siswati, Sociocultural Patterns, Tribes
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Center for Applied Linguistics, Washington, DC. Language/Area Reference Center.
Identifiers: Northern Sotho; Pedi; South Africa; Southern Sotho; Tsonga; Tswana; Venda; Xhosa; Zulu