ERIC Number: ED247771
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Iraq: Country Status Report.
A survey of the status of language usage in Iraq begins with an overview of the usage patterns of Arabic and Kurdish, especially in the context of recent political events and the agreement to make Kurdish a second official language in the Kurdish autonomous region, and to allow limited use of Kurdish in instruction and public communication. A matrix follows that rates Arabic and Kurdish on: (1) their usage rating using State Department classifications; (2) increase and decrease trends by the year 2000; (3) chief of state use in addressing the populace; (4) use in armed forces, government, court, and diplomatic communications, written and oral; (5) use as a language of instruction or required language in higher education, on the secondary and elementary levels, and in adult education; (6) use in the popular press, radio and television broadcasting, and film; (7) business and professional use, written and oral; (8) use in intellectual circles; (9) the alphabet situation; (10) their status in literature; (11) use in public signs and notices; and (12) the availability of instructional materials and dictionaries for use by English speakers. Explanatory notes give the number and population percentages using the languages, the type of alphabets used and specific instructional material titles. A selected bibliography is also included. (MSE)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Arabic, Armed Forces, Bilingualism, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Industry, Kurdish, Language Maintenance, Language of Instruction, Language Role, Language Standardization, Language Usage, Mass Media, Monolingualism, Official Languages, Political Influences, Public Policy, Sociocultural Patterns
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Center for Applied Linguistics, Washington, DC. Language/Area Reference Center.