ERIC Number: ED247725
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Cognitive Improvement of Hearing-Impaired High School Students through Instruction in Instrumental Enrichment.
Jonas, Bruce; Martin, David S.
Based on a set of theoretical assumptions relating to the cognitive modificability of low functioning adolescents, a program of Instrumental Enrichment was developed and implemented with 41 hearing impaired secondary students. The primary goals of Instrumental Enrichment included: (1) improving performance in spatial relations, (2) improving performance in abstract analogies, (3) improving the ability to use more than one rule to solve a problem, (4) fostering more systematic approaches to problem solving, (5) fostering more accurate reading and following directions, and (6) increasing use of appropriate language for planning and sequencing events. The long term or secondary goals included improvement in reading and math skills. Eight instruments administered pre and post were: Raven's Progressive Matrices, Kit-Factor Referenced Cognitive Test (KFRCT--Diagramming Relationships), KFRCT--Letter Sets, Written Problem Solutions, Teacher Observation Checklist, Stanford Achievement Test--Hearing-Impaired Version (SAT-HI), Reading Comprehension, SAT-HI Math Concepts and SAT-HI Math Computation. For the Instrumental Enrichment group after 1 year there were several important and consistent trends. The performance of the Instrumental Enrichment group on the Raven's Progressive Matrices was nearly three times higher than that of a suitably matched group of control students representing a statistically significant difference. The other two psychometric tests, Diagramming Relationships and Letter Sets, showed no significant findings but the trends for the Instrumental Enrichment group were in the direction hypothesized. For the Problem-Solving Solutions as a whole, there was clear evidence that the Instrumental Enrichment group performed better than the control group. For the Teacher Observation Checklist, the Instrumental Enrichment group showed significant gains in work habits and classroom behavior. (Author/CL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Instrumental Enrichment
Note: Contained in: International Symposium on Cognition, Education, and Deafness (Washington, DC, June 5-8, 1984). Working Papers. Volumes I and II. David S. Martin, Ed.