ERIC Number: ED247699
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Behavioral Treatment of Severe Self-Injury: The Importance of Staff Selection in an Institutional Environment.
Williams, Bruce W.; Morin, Herbert
Overtime pay was used to encourage staff personnel of a state institution to carry out an intensive around-the-clock program to reduce the self injurious behaviors of a severely retarded and deaf adult. Contingent use of restraints, in conjunction with an intensive program of differential reinforcement of other behavior and differential reinforcement of incompatible behavior, was effective in treating the self injurious behavior. Restraints were applied following face picking after gestures, brief manual restraint and showing the restraints failed to prevent repeated picking. The S participated in half-hour instructional sessions on tasks incompatible with face picking, such as ball play, puzzles, and sign language. Self injurious behavior was significantly reduced and generalization was gradually accomplished. The value of such an intensive, round-the-clock program is discussed. (CL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Self Injurious Behavior
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Gatlinburg Conference on Research in Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities (17th, Gatlinburg, TN, March 7-9, 1984).