ERIC Number: ED247557
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug-7
Reference Count: 0
Foreign News Coverage in Three Wire Services: A Study of AP, UPI, and the Nonaligned News Agencies Pool.
Kirat, Mohamed; Weaver, David
A study was conducted to discover (1) how the Associated Press (AP) and United Press International (UPI) wire services and the Nonaligned News Agencies Pool (NANAP) covered international affairs in terms of frequency of stories, countries covered, and kinds of subject matter; (2) differences and similarities in the three agencies' coverage of world affairs; (3) changes in coverage of world affairs by AP and UPI since studies conducted in 1979 and 1981; (4) whether NANAP provided alternative news or adhered to Western news values; and (5) the overall themes of the news stories reported. Content analysis of dispatches from all three agencies for one constructed week produced findings similar to those of earlier studies. Less developed countries were covered as frequently as the more developed ones by both AP and UPI regional services, the lengths of the stories about the less developed and more developed countries were roughly the same, and the primary emphases of the stories were diplomatic and political activity, internal armed conflicts and crisis, and crime. The findings differed from those of earlier studies in that the proportion of news dealing with conflict or crisis declined dramatically, especially in stories about the less developed nations, perhaps reflecting criticism of New International Information Order advocates. Analysis of NANAP stories showed that although it covered a wider variety of topics than AP or UPI, the stories were shorter, more frequent, mostly event oriented, and less crisis oriented. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Wire Services
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (67th, Gainesville, FL, August 5-8, 1984).