ERIC Number: ED247550
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Interpretation and Manipulation in Human Plans. Technical Report No. 317.
Newman, Denis; Bruce, Bertram
Analysis of students' interpretations of a complex episode of social interaction was used to illustrate three features of human plans that distinguish them from robot plans and that form a basis for a theory of the development of social action. The features illustrated are that (1) human plans are social, (2) human plans operate on interpretations, and (3) human plans are used, not just executed. Twelve students each from grades one, three-four, and six, and 12 college students were shown a videotaped skit in which one character deceives another. Many of the younger subjects considered the interaction to be cooperative, while older subjects understood that the deceiver was manipulating the victim's cooperative interpretation. A model of interacting human plans was incorporated in a notation system that was used for displaying the structure of the alternative interpretations and their mutual embeddings. This notation system contained a key concept, mutual knowledge (or belief), that incorporates the essentially social features of human plans. Implications of the model of human plans for the development of social action and cognition are discussed. (Author/FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Center for the Study of Reading.; Bolt, Beranek and Newman, Inc., Cambridge, MA.
Note: The research reported herein was supported by grants from the Carnegie Corporation to Michael Cole. Print in Figure 8 may not be legible.