ERIC Number: ED247492
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr-5
Reference Count: 0
Mourning, Wartime Bereavement and Psychopathology: Cross-Cultural Findings.
Sanua, Victor D.
War bereavement has excruciating consequences for the families of victims. To examine the cultural differences in mourning, wartime bereavement, and psychopathology among United States and Israeli families, 20 American families of soldiers who died in the Vietnam War and 20 Israeli families of soldiers who died in the Yom Kippur War were interviewed. Analysis of the results showed that the effect of the loss of a son or husband was affected by the kind of war in which these countries were involved. In Israel, young and old had to fight and more children tended to become fatherless, adding to the distress of the mothers. As opposed to American families, practically all Israeli families expressed their sorrow quite overtly. In Israel, there was a greater denial of the death through magical acts and thoughts than in the United States. Neither group felt particularly negative about the enemy; however, Israelis were pessimistic about the future and as a result tended to have more than three children, assuming one would be lost to the war. (The questionnaire is appended.) (BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: City Univ. of New York, NY. City Coll.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (Philadelphia, PA, April 6-9, 1983).