ERIC Number: ED247488
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Factors Affecting Workers' Valuation of Intrinsic Job Rewards.
Shapiro, E. Gary
As the fit between job values and job rewards becomes more important to American workers, it is important to understand factors which may affect these values. Data from the combined General Social Surveys of 1974, 1976, 1977 and 1980 were used to investigate the influence of education, job prestige, earnings, age, sex, race, and family characteristics on the value placed on intrinsic rewards. Specifically, respondents (N=1,857) were asked to rank in importance five job-related rewards: high income; no danger of being fired; working short hours; chance of advancement; and having important work which provides a sense of accomplishment. The ranking of this "sense of accomplishment" reward, clearly intrinsic in nature, was the dependent variable in the analyses. Results showed that having more education produced the highest ranking of the dependent variable. Having a father with more education and being white were also significantly associated with placing high value on intrinsic reward. Being older and having a father with a higher prestige occupation were also associated with intrinsic reward, while sex and the number of persons in the household were not related to this value. The findings indicate that the major determinant of the value placed on intrinsic job reward is pre-employment experience. Efforts to increase both individual and organizational outcomes by providing intrinsic rewards may not be successful for all types of workers. (JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Intrinsic Motivation
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association (Las Vegas, NV, April 25-28, 1984).