ERIC Number: ED247484
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-May
Reference Count: 0
A Report on Women West Point Graduates Assuming Nontraditional Roles.
Yoder, Janice D.; Adams, Jerome
In 1980 the first women graduated from the military and college training program at West Point. To investigate the progress of both male and female graduates as they assume leadership roles in the regular Army, 35 women and 113 men responded to a survey assessing career involvement and planning, commitment and adjustment, and satisfaction. Analysis of results showed that, in the area of career planning, all officers relied on self-initiated planning rather than help from a superior officer, with women reporting less help than men. Forty percent of the women and 19% of the men planned to leave the Army upon completing their obligation. There were no gender differences in graduates' adjustment to the role of Army officer; however, women were less satisfied than men with their adjustment. Most women (72%) and most men (80%) felt their spouses supported their career, and most women (64%) and most men (56%) in dual career partnership reported that their careers were compatible. Finally, women felt less satisfied than men with their overall job. The findings suggest that gender differences arise when the role demands of the officer conflict with other roles, such as mothers and women. These findings are consistent with other research on the role conflicts and stresses involved in breaking into nontraditional occupations. (BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Army; Military Academy (West Point) NY
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (56th, Chicago, IL, May 3-5, 1984).