ERIC Number: ED247475
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984
Reference Count: 0
Women and Multiple Role Stress. A Thesis in Psychology.
Curtiss, Sharon L.
Women as a group are uniquely exposed to the pressures created by multiple roles and conflicting expectations. To assess stress, health, resistance resources, and overall emotional dysphoria (anxiety, depression, hostility) of women from various occupational, marital, and parental statuses, 64 women, aged 25-45 years, completed the Scale of Stress Assessment, the Inventory of Health Status, the Inventory of Stress Resistance Resources, the Multiple Affect Adjective Checklist, and a demographic questionnaire. An analysis of the results showed that women in nontraditional occupations possessed reliably greater resistance resources than those in traditional occupations. In addition, single women in general appeared to be healthier than married women. Single mothers in nontraditional occupations exhibited the most favorable scores on all measures. Results of Pearson product-moment correlational analyses (for the overall group of 64 women, as well as for 6 major subgroupings, and the final 8 combinations of statuses) showed that overall the measures were reliably correlated with one another in 20 out of 21 possible correlations. These findings suggest that major changes in societal attitudes concerning women's roles may be affecting stress and resistance levels. (Author/BL)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Masters Theses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Master of Arts Thesis, University of Missouri-Kansas City. A shortened version of the thesis was presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (64th, Los Angeles, CA, April 5-8, 1984).