ERIC Number: ED247474
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-May
Reference Count: 0
Beyond Consistency in the Definition of Personality: Dramaturgical Quality and Dramaturgical Value.
Allen, Bem P.
Historically pesonality has been predicated on behavioral consistency. To demonstrate the uniqueness of personality using three methods, 23 female college students initially recorded self-descriptive words at the end of each of 23 days. These words were then assigned favorability values from the Adjective Generation Technique norm list. First, uniqueness was demonstrated because variability of favorability within lists of most used words was significantly less than variability between lists. Second, to determine whether subjects' lists of most frequently used words tended not to overlap, and were thereby unique, a catalogue of 49 words from which subjects drew the labels most frequently used in self-description was compiled and compared to the estimated chance probability of overlap in label selection. Third, 46 raters provided Semantic Differential reactions to the behavioral descriptions of each subject. An analysis of the results showed that subjects varied day to day in favorability of self-description more than they differed from one another in overall favorability of self-description, thereby showing little consistency. The observed overlap of at least one label among the subjects' actual lists of most frequently used words was not significantly different from the estimated chance probability. Raters' reactions indicated that they clearly saw the corresponding subjects to be unique. These findings present a dilemma in that although the labels used were unique, intrasubject behavioral consistency was not great, suggesting that not only attributions by others but also dramaturgical quality (precision, clarity, and effectiveness of performed behavior) and dramaturgical value (uncommon behavior directed to several targets) may lead to behavioral consistency. (Author/BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Behavioral Stability
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (56th, Chicago, IL, May 3-5, 1984).