ERIC Number: ED247471
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-May
Reference Count: 0
Sex Differences and Distributive Fairness.
Russ, Terry Lee; Alexander, Sheldon
In research on equity and justice some investigators have reported that men and women use different allocation norms in distributing rewards; men using an equity rule and women an equality rule, while others conclude that such sex differences in reward allocation appear primarily when the allocator is also a co-recipient of the reward. The present study exposed male and female subjects (129 male, 191 female) to three distributive fairness conditions to examine the role of sex in fairness interactions. Subjects read a story dealing with the grade received by a student in a college course and responded to a questionnaire about the student and his situation. Dependent variables were perceived satisfaction, perceived conflict, trust in teacher, and grade fairness. Main effects for distributive fairness were significant for all dependent variables. No significant main effects for sex were observed. There were significant "sex x distributive fairness" interactions for perceived grade fairness, satisfaction, and trust in teacher. Women responded more positively than men to over reward and more negatively than men to under reward. The "sex x distributive fairness" interactions indicated that distributive fairness treatments do yield sex differences for subjects who are not participants in the allocation situation. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Distributive Justice; Equity Theory; Fairness
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (56th, Chicago, IL, May 3-5, 1984).