ERIC Number: ED247465
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-May
Reference Count: 0
Order of Access to Semantic Content and Self Schema.
Mueller, John H.; And Others
Self-referenced content is generally remembered better and faster than information encoded in other ways. To examine how self-relevant information is organized in memory, three experiments were conducted, comparing the effects of target-first or word-first methodology. In the target-first condition, subjects (N=15) saw one of the two questions, "Describes you" or "Describes Ronald Reagan," followed in one second by an adjective. In the word-first condition the adjective was presented first, followed in one second by one of the two questions. Subjects then completed a recall test, and the Self-Consciousness Questionnaire. In the second experiment (N=10) "most students" replaced Ronald Reagan as the target for other-reference, and the screen was blanked so that target and word were not seen together. In the third experiment the target (or word) was left on the screen until the word (or target) appeared. Three different intervals between word and target were examined. Results of the experiments suggest that information about other people seems to be stored by person, not by tags with adjectives. In all three experiments the word-first procedure led to slower decisions than target-first. However, the situation was less clear for self-reference decisions; in one experiment the word-first procedure was faster and for the other two experiments there was no real difference. Overall, it seems that the self-concept is not like the concept for other people, and information may be stored redundantly, in a separate set and with critical adjectives. (JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Self Reference (Psychology)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (56th, Chicago, IL, May 3-5, 1984).