ERIC Number: ED247350
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Preparing Black Students for the SAT--Does It Make a Difference? An Evaluation Report of the NAACP Test Preparation Project.
Johnson, Sylvia T.
This report is an evaluation of the test preparation clinic program sponsored by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. The project's primary objective is described as improving the SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test) scores of low income black high school students, thus increasing the pool of minority youngsters able to meet college requirements. Through an analysis of test performance and program implementation, the paper examines the extent to which this objective has been attained. An overview of the literature on the test fairness debate is provided, along with an overview of studies on the effectiveness of test preparation courses. Next, the paper discusses the evaluation procedure and instruments employed to survey 215 students in New York, San Francisco, Atlanta. Results are reported for each of the three cities separately, then city results are compared and the totals for all participants are presented. Statistically significant gains are reported for San Francisco, Atlanta, and for all participants in all three cities considered together. But they were not significant for the New York clinic. (The general rate of increase in both math and verbal SAT scores in all clinics was about the same.) It is concluded that test preparation courses are indeed effective, but that two questions remain: First, will improved SAT performance result in stronger college performance? Second, is the SAT a valid measure of ability to do college work? (KH)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Howard Univ., Washington, DC. School of Education.
Identifiers: Scholastic Aptitude Test; Test Preparation Clinic Program