ERIC Number: ED247267
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Theory and Practice: The Revised Joint Technical Standards and Test Construction.
Pearlman, Mari Ann
Two of the standards contained in the third draft of the new Joint Technical Standards for Test Development and Revision are discussed: Standard 3.13, mandating the use of multicultural material and the avoidance of material offensive to any major ethnic, cultural, or gender group; and Standard 3.14, mandating research and subsequent test revision to eliminate aspects of test design, content, or format that might serve to bias test scores positively or negatively for any given group. In evaluating these standards, test developers must keep in mind the purpose of the test being developed. They should also realize that these two standards imply that including multicultural material will ensure that major subgroups will see material familiar to them and thus score better on the test (an assumption that is unproven). Research addressing this assumption must study items with two characteristics: (1) that differential performance has been detected on these items, and (2) that the context of the items can be changed to a context relevant to subgroup culture without altering the essential task. This is almost impossible. The fourth draft of the Standards revised these two standards. Standard 3.13 (now 3.5) was made more general and less prescriptive; and the two standards were separated. (BW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Standards for Educational and Psychological Tests; Test Content
Note: Paper presented at the Joint Annual Meetings of the American Educational Research Association and the National Council on Measurement in Education (New Orleans, LA, April 23-27, 1984).