PDF pending restoration
ERIC Number: ED247183
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Education Was for Women What the Frontier Was for Men.
Carter, Susan B.
When tracing the status of females in education over the last 200 years, it can be seen that while schools reflected the sexism of the larger society, they differentiated by gender far less than institutions such as the family, the labor market, and government. Although women's access to educational institutions varied by their race and class, middle and upper class women were able to take advantage of the structural integration of educational and employment institutions to gain access to formerly male preserves. Recent literature on the sexism of the schools tends to focus on portrayals of gender in readers such as the absence of females and role differentiation, the channeling of children into stereotypical occupations, and male bias in college admissions and financial awards. However, a case can be made for the relative androgyny of the schools. As the use of educational credentials became influential in hiring decisions, women were able to lay legitimate claim to more occupations. Women's access to schools, combined with the growth of credentialism, enlarged employment options available to women. Finally, since women's access to education varies by race and class, the growing importance of education for jobs may be linked to a reduced importance for gender and a heightened importance for race and class in structuring employment opportunities. (LH)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Berkshire Conference on the History of Women (6th, Northampton, MA, June 1984).