ERIC Number: ED247036
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: 0
What's Happening in Elementary School Classrooms? Research on Time Use, Classroom Operations, and Activity Management.
Ross, Rhonda P.
A select portion of the educational management literature is reviewed in the three sections of this paper. The first section discusses literature concerning the amount of time students spend in school. Specific attention is given to the quantity of schooling, the allocation of school time, student engagement in academic tasks, and the relationship of these three variables to learning. The second section describes the kinds of activities elementary school teachers typically conduct in their classrooms. The literature reviewed focuses on the format of lessons (especially the recitation format), the relationship between activity format and behavior, characteristics of lesson formats, the signal system of lessons, pacing of lessons, the structure of the school day, and activity segments. The final section examines two of the major management issues faced by classroom teachers: the management of transitions between activities and the development and implementation of teaching plans. Subtopics discussed in the final section include reducing the length and chaos of transitions through advance preparation, establishment of clear boundaries, use of routines, movement management, and preactive planning. (RH)
Descriptors: Attendance, Behavior Modification, Classroom Environment, Classroom Techniques, Educational Administration, Educational Planning, Elementary Education, Elementary Schools, Instructional Design, Learning Activities, Literature Reviews, Student Behavior, Teacher Behavior, Teacher Role, Time Factors (Learning), Time on Task
Publications Office, ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education, University of Illinois, 805 West Pennsylvania Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801 (Catalog #197, $6.00).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education, Urbana, IL.
Note: Supersedes ED 222 248.