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ERIC Number: ED246836
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Mar-1
Pages: 42
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
State Colleges: An Unsettled Quality.
Birnbaum, Robert
The nature and quality of state colleges are discussed. State colleges are considered to consist of publicly controlled, four-year institutions other than those engaging in significant doctoral-level education, or those granting a majority of their degrees in a single program area. The state colleges are primarily comprehensive institutions placing major emphasis upon professional, rather than liberal arts, programs. The history of state colleges is traced, with attention to older colleges, multi-colleges, historically black colleges, and new colleges. Characteristics of state institutions are addressed, including involvement in a public bureaucracy and providing access to education. Attention is directed to personnel, facilities, and financial resources, which are dependent on the colleges' history, location, and size. Finally the issue of excellence is discussed, with attention to environmental and internal aspects of state colleges that may inhibit their effectiveness. External constraints include state/system coordination and control, funding provisions, and collective bargaining. Internal constraints include the status and expectations of faculty, and the background and preparation of students. Evaluating excellence at state colleges and short- and long-term evidence are also discussed. (SW)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Excellence In Education; New Colleges; Public Colleges
Note: Background paper prepared for The Study Group on the Conditions of Excellence in American Higher Education. For final report, see HE 017 750.