ERIC Number: ED246794
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-May
Reference Count: 0
Research on University-Industry Linkages: The State of the Art. AIR 1984 Annual Forum Paper.
Melchiori, Gerlinda S.
Issues concerning research partnerships between universities and industry are reviewed. Attention is directed to: the genesis of partnerships, a typology of linkages, salient incentives for academe and commerce, currently perceived barriers, qualitative assessment of linkages, and recommendations for the improvement of partnerships. Linkages fall into three main categories: general research support, which includes gifts, equipment donations, and endowments; cooperative support and knowledge transfer via both institutional and personal interactions; and formal technology transfer, which includes industry parks, extension teaching, and research institutes. Incentives of universities for linkages with industry include: new sources of funds for basic research and graduate student training: new sources of equipment, labs, and instrumentation; exposure to real world research; income from patent rights; and an alternative to government research funds. For corporations, the incentives include: acquisition of personnel, translating theories and innovations into marketable products, access to university facilities, and increased productivity. Mutual barriers pertain to institutional differences, patent rights and licensing questions, and concepts of planning. A bibliography that includes "fugitive literature" is appended. (SW)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: AIR Forum
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Forum of the Association for Institutional Research (24th, Fort Worth, TX, May 6-9, 1984). Draft.