ERIC Number: ED246671
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Facilitating Students' Progress from School to University: From Teacher Dependence to Self-Directed Learning.
Adams-Smith, Diana E.
Although a basic premise of higher education is that students must take the primary responsibility for their own learning, problems arise when the focus throughout elementary and secondary schooling is on passive, rote learning with the student totally dependent on the teacher and text, as in Islamic schools. The educational shock experienced in the transition from school to university has been compared to culture shock. It is multi-dimensional, with linguistic, attitudinal, cultural, and cognitive aspects, and has implications for teachers, curriculum, and classroom methodology as well as for students. In the traditional Islamic educational system of the Sultanate of Oman, the transition problem is expected to be especially pronounced for secondary graduates entering the university's English-medium sciences program. Among the strategies planned to help students avoid dislocation of learning are: (1) identification of needed study skills and steps to develop them individually among students; (2) a course to upgrade language skills, compensate for basic knowledge deficiencies, and provide time for adjustment; (3) orientation and sensitization programs for faculty and staff; (4) team teaching; (5) design of courses with activities graded and sequenced according to degree of teacher control; (6) a learning center; and (7) adjustment in the secondary school curriculum and teaching methodology. (MSE)
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, Articulation (Education), College School Cooperation, College Students, Course Organization, Curriculum Development, Dropout Prevention, Educational Attitudes, Faculty Development, Foreign Countries, High School Graduates, Higher Education, Independent Study, Learning Processes, Secondary Education, Student Adjustment, Student Motivation, Student Teacher Relationship, Teaching Methods
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (18th, Houston, TX, March 6-11, 1984).