ERIC Number: ED246649
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr-13
Reference Count: 0
Conditional Reasoning and Content Effects: A Developmental Analysis of Wason's Selection Task.
Ward, Shawn L.; Overton, Willis F.
A study investigating developmental differences in the ability to reason with conditional propositions used five variations of Wason's selection task to assess conditional reasoning in 132 eighth, tenth, and twelfth grade adolescents. In addition to examining developmental differences, the study had as an objective to examine the role of semantic content as a moderator of logical competence. An experimental group and a control group were used, with the experimental group performing all five Wason tasks, including meaningful content problems and abstract content problems, and the control group receiving only the two abstract content problems. The results demonstrate developmental differences in the conditional relationship of deductive reasoning. The semantic relevance of materials moderated performance such that the twelfth graders' logical competence was assessed when the original abstract content of materials was replaced with familiar semantic content. The problems and statistical data on answer frequencies for all grades are appended. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (Baltimore, MD, April 13, 1984).