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ERIC Number: ED246442
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Eleanor Roosevelt: First Lady as Magazine Journalist.
Beasley, Maurine H.
Although Eleanor Roosevelt's career as a magazine journalist has been all but forgotten, it was an important part of her public activity while she was First Lady from 1933 to 1945. In contrast to ideas then current, Mrs. Roosevelt insisted on her right to earn money from her magazine work while in the White House. There is also evidence that her magazine career was based more on her status than on the substance of her output. An analysis of the more than 60 articles she placed in general-interest magazines with national circulation was based on two criteria: (1) the degree to which they served as political propaganda for the administration of her husband, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and (2) the kind of advice and guidance they offered American women as they sought to cope with social change. Her articles contained an important political dimension either through obvious partisan advocacy or by humanizing her husband's administration through use of human interest material. Her advice to women was conservative by today's standards--chiefly to define themselves in terms of their families. Yet she served as a liberating force for women by upholding the right of married women to engage in paid work and by popularizing the right of women to speak out on current issues, in contrast to the previous ideology that upper class women should remain apart from public life. (Author/CRH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Roosevelt (Eleanor)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (67th, Gainesville, FL, August 5-8, 1984).